Did you know Alabama is the fifth most biodiverse state in the nation? In particular, aquatic life is the most prominent, thanks to the subtropical climate, the influx of rivers, and the geological wealth of the region. Below are five unique wildlife species found only in the state of Alabama.

1. Vermilion Darter

The vermilion darter is a small, colorful fish only found in Alabama's Jefferson County. It's one of only two darter species found in Alabama and is distinguished by its bright red coloration. The Vermilion Darter is listed as a state endangered species, so don’t attack it if you're lucky enough to spot one.

2. Alabama Sturgeon

The Alabama sturgeon is a rare 30-inch, yellow-orange fish that can only be found in the lower Alabama River. It's a member of the ancient Sturgeon family, which dates back to the time of the dinosaurs. Unfortunately, the increasing deterioration of our rivers is causing the total disappearance of this species.

3. Red Hills Salamander

Alabama's official state amphibian, the red hills salamander is found only in Alabama. The Red Hills Salamander gets its common name from the Red Hills, a region of Alabama's eastern Gulf Coastal Plain. This unique species has a prolonged reproductive cycle, which doesn't do good to its chances of going extinct.

4. Alabama Heelsplitter

The Alabama Heelsplitter is a freshwater bivalve mollusk found in the rivers and streams of central and northern Alabama. This freshwater mussel plays a vital part in the river ecosystem as it helps control algal growth and water quality. It also has commercial value as its shells are used to make pearl buttons.

5. Alabama Beach Mouse

The Alabama Beach Mouse is a subspecies of the oldfield mouse found only on Alabama's Gulf Coast beaches. This little creature provides an essential role in the beach ecosystem by eating the seeds of beach grasses and helping to keep the vegetation in check. They are nocturnal and live in burrowed nests in sand dunes. The Alabama Beach Mouse is currently listed as an endangered species.

Fascinated by Alabama's Biodiversity?

The state is home to more than 4,533 documented species, many of which can only be found in Alabama. If you are a naturalist and would love to buy a house in Alabama, we’d love to hear from you. With more than twenty years of experience in the business, we’ll work closely with you to identify and meet your housing needs. Call us today at (334) 791-8830.